In the field of software testing, there are many Testing methods applied today. In this article, we will share three basic methods that are most commonly applied and its advantages and disadvantages. They are black box testing, white box testing. and gray box testing.
1. Black Box Testing method
Black box testing is a method of software testing that examines the functionality of an application (eg: what the software does) without peering into its internal structures or workings
- Testers will not need to understand any code knowledge.
- Can find more bugs.
- Testing is done independently by developers, allowing objective views.
- Only a small number of inputs can be checked and many program paths or few sections will not be checked.
- The tests may be redundant if the software designer / developer has run the test.
2. White box Testing method
White box testing (also known as clear box testing, glass box testing, transparent box testing or structural testing) is a method of testing software that tests internal structures or workings off an application, as opposed to black box testing.
While white box testing can be applied at the unit, integration and system levels of the software testing process, it is usually done at the unit level.
- Automate easily
- Provide clear technical-based rules when stopping testing.
- Forcing testing experts to think carefully about error testing so the bug will be thorough.
- It takes time and effort.
- There will still be errors.
- Testing by this method requires extensive experience and expertise in testing.
3. Gray box Testing method
Gray box testing is a combination of white box testing and black box testing. The aim of this testing is to search for the defects if any due to improper structure or improper usage of applications.
- It is a combination of black and white box testing, so might be more optimal.
- Testing by gray box method can design complex test scenarios in a smarter way.
- It is difficult to link errors when performing a gray box test for a distributed system application.
4. Comparison between 3 Testing methods
|The internal workings of an application is necessary||The tester has limited knowledge of the internal workings of the application.||Tester has full knowledge of the internal workings of the application.|
|Performed by end-users and also by testers and developers.||Performed by end-users and also by testers and developers.||Normally done by testers and developers.|
|Testing is based on external expectations – Internal behavior of the application is unknown.||Testing is done on the basis of high-level database diagrams and data flow diagrams.||Internal workings are fully known and the tester can design test data accordingly.|
|It is exhaustive and the least time-consuming.||Partly time-consuming and exhaustive.||The most exhaustive and time-consuming type of testing.|
|Not suited for algorithm testing.||Not suited for algorithm testing.||
Suited for algorithm testing.
Above are the 3 most basic software testing methods that any programmer needs to know. Choosing which method depends on the ability as well as the project you carry out.
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